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DOI format in APA style
Since the Digital Object Identifier (DOI) system was introduced in 2000, guidelines on how to best display DOIs have evolved. Effective March 2017, Crossref, an influential DOI registration agency, now recommends the following format:
Note the use of “https” instead of “http”, and “doi.org” instead of “dx.doi.org.
While the 6th edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, published in 2010, recommends the original
doi:10.1037/rmh0000008 format, APA has indicated that they follow the Crossref guidelines for displaying DOIs and also recommend this latest format.
The CSL styles for the 6th edition of APA has therefore been updated to use the
https://doi.org/10.1037/rmh0000008 format as well.
A brief history of DOI formats
As Crossref explains in their guidelines, the original concise
doi:10.1037/rmh0000008 format was recommended with the hope that web browsers would one day automatically recognize and hyperlink these DOIs.
Since this didn't happen, Crossref changed its recommendation in 2011 to show DOIs as regular URLs instead, in the format
http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rmh0000008. APA started to recommend this newer (but nowadays also outdated) format in its 2012 companion guide, APA Style Guide to Electronic References, and discussed this change in a 2014 blog post.
More recently, there has been a strong movement to move the web over from HTTP to the more secure HTTPS protocol. Technical changes also made it possible to link DOIs via the shorter
doi.org instead of
dx.doi.org. Together, this let Crossref change its recommended format to